NLP is an acronym for 'Neuro Linguistic Programming'. NLP uses the language of the mind to consistently achieve our specific and desired outcomes.
NLP began as a model of how we communicate to ourselves and others. It was originally developed by Richard Bandler, John Grinder and others. This model explains how we process the information that comes into us from the outside. The belief is that "The map is not the territory," and so the internal representations that we make about an outside event are not necessarily the event itself.
Typically what happens is that there is an external event and we run that event through our internal filters of our brain. We then make an internal representation (I/R) of that event. That IR of the event combines with a physiology and creates a state. "State" refers to the internal emotional state of the individual; a happy state, a sad state, a motivated state, and so on.
Our IR includes our internal pictures, sounds and dialogue and our feelings. For example; whether we feel motivated, challenged, pleased, excited, and so on. A given state is the result of the combination of an internal representation and a physiology. So what happens is that an event comes in through our sensory input channels which are: -
VISUAL The sights we see or the way someone looks at us
AUDITORY The sounds, the words we hear and the way that people say those words to us.
KINESTHETIC Our external feelings which include the touch of someone or something, the pressure, and texture
OLFACTORY Smells, either real or imagined
GUSTATORY Tastes, either real or imagined.
The external event comes in through our sensory input channels and it is filtered and we process the event. As we process the event, we delete, distort and generalise the information that comes in, according to any number of several elements that filter our perception. In summary, NLP uses the language of the mind to consistently achieve our specific and desired outcomes.
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1. What is Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP)?
Neuro-linguistic Programming (NLP) is the practice of altering undesired patterns or behavior to move toward a more desired state. It is an understanding of how to use the language of the mind to consistently achieve our specific and desired outcomes.
NLP works with the nervous system (the mind) via our five senses; taste, touch, smell, sight and sound – translated in NLP as gustatory, kinesthetic, olfactory, visual and auditory. Through the use of linguistics and other non-verbal communication systems our neural representations are coded, ordered and given meaning. These include pictures, sounds, feelings, tastes, smells and words via self-talk.
Through the practice of NLP we can elicit and utilize the programs that we run in our neurological systems to achieve our specific and desired outcomes. Our neurological systems determine our communications to ourselves (via self-talk), and others.
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2. What are the Presuppositions of NLP?
3. What is meant by a 'physiology of excellence' and why is it important?
'Physiology of Excellence' is the ability to elicit your desired behaviors and generate the most beneficial state. Simply stated, 'Physiology of Excellence' is an exercise to be able to discover and elicit the patterns of excellence and utilize excellent behavior within yourself and others.
4. What are the six keys to achievable outcomes?
5. What is the 'Meta Model'?
Designed by Virginia Satir, the Meta Model is used to gain specificity in language and elicit a map of people's reality. By asking specific questions and challenging a persons perceptions, we can we can clarify issues by getting to a more real picture of what is true. For instance; a statement such as, 'He doesn't like me' can be challenged by asking, 'How do you know he doesn't like you?'
6. What are the 3 (three) processes of internalizing on which the Meta Model is based?
7. What is personal power and how does one get it?
Personal power is being conscious of the evaluations we make and we get this by learning ways to interpret the submodalities and behaviors of those around us, and ourselves. This provides us with more choice in the world we live. This is being 'at cause', the ability to take action and achieve specific results.
8. What is 'state' and why is it important?
State is the neurological condition that determines our actions and behaviors, therefore determining how we respond to others and situations. It is our responses and actions that determine our reality. In gaining this understanding, then we can begin to understand ways to alter our state and therefore altering our reality and with it our lives.
9. What is a 'pattern interrupt' and when is it useful?
A pattern is a repetition, a routine, a system, a habit or a way of doing things a particular way. People can find themselves stuck in a pattern which is undesirable and one in which they wish to break.
A pattern interrupt is a method of breaking the pattern, such as 'swishing' where you alter the picture in the persons' mind that represents the habit with a new picture. This is metaphorically 'scratching' their record so their record never plays the same again. A pattern interrupt can also be employed to break a persons' state, this is achieved by saying something out of context or changing the persons' environment.
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10. Describe the following frames and tell when to use them;
Evidence Frame'How will you know when you have it?'
When to use it? Direct attention to a specific measure or "Evidence".
Backtrack Frame 'I would like to bring you back to...' or 'Earlier you said you wanted...'
When to use it? When someone is wandering, you bring them back on track or to restate a person's intention or desire
Relevancy Frame 'How does ......, relate to what we are discussing?'
When to use it? Used to keep things on track.
Contrast Frame 'How does this compare with or relate to.....?'
When to use it? When two things are compared.
Ecology Frame 'Is it safe for you, me and the planet...'
When to use it? To maintain the integrity of the system.
As If Frame Develops options and opens up possibilities.
When to use it? What would happen if.....'
11. What is an anchor?
An anchor is a term used to describe the process, when a stimulus and a state are neurologically aligned. As in Pavlov's experiment; the sound of a tuning fork was deployed each time Pavlov presented food before his hungry dogs. Soon the dogs associated the sound of the tuning fork with being presented with food and would salivate at hearing the sound, without the presence of food. An anchor is neurological connection to a specific state.
12. What is a phobia?
A phobia is an extreme, abnormal fear or an aversion to a specific thing, place, condition or event, such as the fear of being in a confined space (claustrophobia) or fear of heights (acrophobia), to name but two of many.
13. What are 'Values' and why are they important?
Values are accepted standards by which we run our lives and therefore determine our outcomes. Eliciting our values and understanding the reasons that we have chosen them provides a clear communication to our neural networks and is like setting the rudder of ship. Values determine not only our internal and external communications, more-so, they steer the course of our lives.